In many cancers, somatic mutations confer tumorigenesis and drug-resistance. The recently established clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9 system is a potentially elegant approach to functionally evaluate mutations in cancers. To reproduce mutations by homologous recombination (HR), the HR pathway must be functional, but DNA damage repair is frequently impaired in cancers. Imatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor for BCR-ABL1 in Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) leukemia, and development of resistance due to kinase domain mutation is an important issue. We attempted to introduce the T315I gatekeeper mutation into three Ph+ myeloid leukemia cell lines with a seemingly functional HR pathway due to resistance to the inhibitor for poly (ADP) ribose polymerase1. Imatinib-resistant sublines were efficiently developed by the CRISPR/Cas9 system after short-term selection with imatinib; resulting sublines acquired the T315I mutation after HR. Thus, the usefulness of CRISPR/Cas9 system for functional analysis of somatic mutations in cancers was demonstrated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes