The prognostic significance of histology has been well established in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Clear cell and mucinous histologies are especially generally accepted to result in an adverse outcome because of their poor chemotherapy response. Previous reports suggested that class III β-tubulin induced taxol resistance in association with a reduced effect on microtubule dynamic instability. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate class III β-tubulin expression and examine whether the protein level of class III β-tubulin was correlated with the histological difference in chemosensitivity. Class III β-tubulin expression in EOC tissues (n = 80) was immunohistochemically scored into 4 groups (-, ±, +, ++). High-level (+, ++) class III β-tubulin expression was detected in 30 of 35 clear cell carcinomas, in 8 of 10 mucinous carcinomas, 5 of 11 endometrioid carcinomas, and 5 of 24 serous carcinomas. Nineteen patients were evaluable for response. In 5 responders, high-level class III β-tubulin expression was not detected. On the other hand, it was detected in 10 of 14 nonresponders. In some ovarian cancer cell lines, we evaluated class III β-tubulin expression by Western blot analysis. Class III β-tubulin expression in nonserous carcinoma tended to be higher than that in serous carcinoma. Taxol-resistant SKOV cells showed high-level class III β-tubulin expression compared with wild-type SKOV cells. Taxol sensitivity differing among histological subtypes in EOC is associated with the expression of class III β-tubulin.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology