Teprenone promotes the healing of acetic acid-induced chronic gastric ulcers in rats by inhibiting neutrophil infiltration and lipid peroxidation in ulcerated gastric tissues

Takashi Kobayashi, Yoshiji Ohta, Junji Yoshino, Saburo Nakazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Teprenone, an anti-ulcer drug, has been reported to promote the healing of acetic acid-induced chronic gastric ulcers in rats by stimulating gastric mucus synthesis and secretion. Recently, it has been implicated that neutrophil infiltration and lipid peroxidation in ulcerated gastric tissues have an inhibitory effect on the healing of acetic acid-induced chronic gastric ulcers in rats. Therefore, we attempted to clarify whether teprenone exerts a healing-promoting effect on acetic acid-induced chronic gastric ulcers through its inhibitory effect on neutrophil infiltration and lipid peroxidation in ulcerated gastric tissues. In rats with chronic gastric ulcers made by applying acetic acid to the stomach, gastric ulcer healing started later than 3 days after the acetic acid application. Gastric mucosal myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, an index of tissue neutrophil infiltration, and lipid peroxide content were higher in the ulcerated region than in the intact region on the 8th, 15th, and 22nd day after the acetic acid application. Gastric mucosal non-protein SH content was lower in the ulcerated region than in the intact region on the 8th, 15th, and 22nd day after the acetic acid application, and gastric mucosal adherent mucus content was lower in the ulcerated region than in the intact region on the 8th and 15th day. Daily oral administration of teprenone (100 mg kg-1 × 2) for 7 or 14 days, starting on the 8th day after the application of acetic acid to the stomach, enhanced the reduction of the ulcer area with attenuation of all these biochemical changes found in the ulcerated region. The teprenone administration caused a decrease in MPO activity and an increase in adherent mucus content in the gastric mucosa of the intact region. These results suggest that the healing-promoting effect of teprenone on acetic acid-induced chronic gastric ulcers in rats could be due not only to stimulation of gastric mucus secretion but also to inhibition of neutrophil infiltration and enhanced lipid peroxidation in the ulcerated gastric tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
JournalPharmacological Research
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Teprenone promotes the healing of acetic acid-induced chronic gastric ulcers in rats by inhibiting neutrophil infiltration and lipid peroxidation in ulcerated gastric tissues'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this