Background: Testicular infarction is a known serious complication associated with epididymitis. It is known to be idiopathic in 70% of cases but the frequency, risk factors, and management are yet to be elucidated. This paper aims to report a case of testicular infarction secondary to pyogenic epididymoorchitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Case presentation: A 64-year-old male with a past medical history of benign prostate hypertrophy using intermittent self-catheterization and a recent history of culture-negative pyogenic epididymoorchitis treated with oral cefpodoxime was admitted to our hospital due to a 4-week history of fever, right scrotal pain, and swelling. Scrotal ultrasonography showed a hypoechoic testis without testicular torsion. He was diagnosed with testicular infarction and a scrotal abscess due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and was treated with cefepime along with transcutaneous drainage. Despite the antimicrobial treatment, he experienced testicular loss with necrotic tissue. Because little is known about the risk factors, clinical characteristics, management, and prognosis of testicular infarction secondary to epididymitis, we performed a systematic review of the literature. Conclusion: This is a case of testicular necrosis during the treatment of epididymitis with negative urine culture and detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in tissue culture. Clinicians should perform frequent blood flow evaluation to the testis for early urologic intervention.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases