Background: Perioperative goal-directed fluid therapy is used for haemodynamic optimization in high-risk surgeries. Cardiac output monitoring can be performed by a specialized pressure transducer for arterial pulse waveform analysis (S-APWA). No study has assessed whether real-world use of S-APWA is associated with post-operative outcomes; therefore, using a Japanese administrative claims database, we retrospectively investigated whether S-APWA use is associated with in-hospital mortality among patients undergoing high-risk surgery under general anaesthesia. Methods: Adult patients who underwent high-risk surgery under general anaesthesia and arterial catheterization between 2014 and 2016 were divided into S-APWA and conventional arterial pressure transducer groups, then compared regarding baseline factors and outcomes. Logistic regression analysis was performed to compare in-hospital mortality. Subgroup analyses evaluated S-APWA efficacy and outcomes based on the type of surgery and patients’ comorbidity. Results: S-APWA was used in 6859 of 23 655 (29.0%) patients; the crude in-hospital mortality rate was 3.5%. Adjusted analysis showed no significant association between S-APWA use and in-hospital mortality rate (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.91; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.76-1.07; P =.25). S-APWA use was associated with significantly lower in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing vascular surgery (aOR = 0.67; 95% CI: 0.49-0.94), and significantly higher in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing lower limb amputation (aOR = 2.63; 95% CI: 1.32-5.22). S-APWA use and in-hospital mortality were not significantly associated with other subgroups. Conclusion: S-APWA use was not associated with in-hospital mortality in the entire study population. However, S-APWA was associated with decreased in-hospital mortality among vascular surgery and increased in-hospital mortality among lower limb amputation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine