The consecutive impact of COVID-19 on thoracic surgical procedures in Japan: an analysis of data from the National Clinical Database

Yukio Sato, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Norihiko Ikeda, Hiroshi Konishi, Taizo Hibi, Shunsuke Endo, Masayoshi Inoue, Yoshinori Okada, Yashushi Shintani, Shinichi Toyooka, Hiroshige Nakamura, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Toyofumi Fengshi Chen-Yoshikawa, Hidetaka Uramoto, Yoshihiro Tsubochi, Tadao Kakizoe, Masayuki Chida, Ichiro Yoshino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The current study was designed to analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on general thoracic surgeries in Japan. Methods: Changes in surgeries for lung cancer and metastatic lung tumors were evaluated based on National Clinical Database data regarding cancer screening. Results: In 2021, surgeries for primary lung cancer increased by 3.4% compared to 2020, which, given the increase from 2014 to 2019, indicates an overall 11.1% decrease. In contrast, surgeries for metastatic lung tumors in 2021 decreased by 5.8% compared to 2020, which, given the increase from 2014 to 2020, indicates an overall 9.2% decrease. Half of the primary diseases for metastatic lung tumor were cases of colorectal cancer. Low anterior resection procedures in 2020 decreased by 5.5% compared to 2019. Lung and colon cancer screening examinees in 2021 were increased compared to 2020; however, they still showed respective decreases of 11% and 9.0% compared to 2019. Conclusions: Surgeries for primary lung cancer still decreased substantially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The continued stagnation of screening was responsible for this decrease. Surgeries for metastatic lung tumors decreased profoundly, and the decrease in screening for primary tumors was responsible for this reduction. Our findings emphasize the significance of maintaining cancer screening efforts, even during a pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSurgery Today
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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