The constitutional t(17;22): Another translocation mediated by palindromic AT-rich repeats

Hiroki Kurahashi, Tamim Shaikh, Masayuki Takata, Tatsushi Toda, Beverly S. Emanuel

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91 Citations (Scopus)


We have demonstrated that the breakpoints of the constitutional t(11;22) are located at palindromic AT-rich repeats (PATRRs) on 11q23 and 22q11. As a mechanism for this recurrent translocation, we proposed that the PATRR forms a cruciform structure that induces the genomic instability leading to the rearrangement. A patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) had previously been found to have a constitutional t(17;22) disrupting the NF1 gene on 17q11. We have localized the breakpoint on 22q11 within the 22q11-specific low-copy repeat where the breakpoints of the constitutional t(11;22)s reside, implying a similar palindrome-mediated mechanism for generation of the t(17;22). The NF1 gene contains a 195-bp PATRR within intron 31. We have isolated the junction fragments from both the der(17) and the der(22). The breakpoint on 17q11 is close to the center of the PATRR. A published breakpoint of an additional NF1-afflicted patient with a constitutional t(17;22) is also located close to the center of the same PATRR. Our data lend additional support to the hypothesis that PATRR-mediated genomic instability can lead to a variety of translocations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-738
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2003


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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