The Effect of the B Subunit of Cholera Toxin on the Action of Nerve Growth Factor on PC12 Cells

Tatsuro Mutoh, Akira Tokuda, Gordon Guroff, Norio Fujiki

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: Exogenous gangliosides, especially ganglioside GM1 (GM1), seem to potentiate the action of nerve growth factor (NGF). We have examined the possible regulation of the NGF signaling pathway in PC12 cells by the B subunit of cholera toxin (CTB), which binds to endogenous GM1 specifically and with a high affinity. CTB treatment (1 μg/ml) enhanced NGF‐induced neurite outgrowth from PC12 cells, NGF‐induced activation of ribosomal protein S6 kinase, and NGF‐induced stimulation of trk phosphorylation. CTB plus NGF also caused a greater inhibition of [3H]‐thymidine incorporation into DNA than did NGF alone. These enhancing effects of CTB were blocked by the presence of cytochalasin B in the culture medium but were not affected by the presence of colchicine or by the depletion of Ca2+ in the medium. 125I‐NGF binding experiments revealed that CTB treatment did not affect the specific binding of NGF to the cells. These results strongly suggest that the binding of cell surface GM1 by CTB modulates the pathway of intracellular signaling initiated by NGF and that the association of CTB with a cytoskeletal component is essential for these effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1540-1547
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04-1993
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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