We compared laparoscopic gastrectomy for remnant gastric cancer (LRG) with open gastrectomy for remnant gastric cancer (ORG) to assess the safety and invasive nature of LRG. This study was a retrospective study. The study population consisted of 27 consecutive patients who underwent gastrectomy for remnant gastric cancer. Of these, 15 underwent ORG between January 2003 and April 2007, and 12 underwent LRG between May 2007 and January 2013. The operation time was not significantly different between the 2 groups. However, blood loss was significantly less in the LRG group than in the ORG group. No intraoperative blood transfusion was required. There was no significant difference in morbidity rate between the LRG (1/12, 8.3%) and ORG (4/15, 26.7%) groups, and no patients died in either group. Body temperature on postoperative day (POD) 7 (P = 0.034); systolic blood pressure on PODs 6 (P = 0.042) and 7 (P = 0.035); and heart rate on POD 7 (P = 0.049) were significantly lower in the LRG group than in the ORG group. No significant differences were observed in white blood cell count, or C-reactive protein and serum albumin levels between the groups. Serum total protein levels were significantly higher on POD 1 (P = 0.020), and the number of lymphocytes was significantly higher on POD 7 in the LRG group than in the ORG group (P = 0.036). Pain scores on POD 7 were significantly lower in the LRG group than in the ORG group (P = 0.033). LRG is a technically feasible and safe procedure.
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