The Hitomi (ASTRO-H) hard X-ray telescope (HXT)

Current status of calibration

Hisamitsu Awaki, Hironori Matsumoto, Manabu Ishida, Akihiro Furuzawa, Shigeo Yamauchi, Yoshitomo Maeda, Hideyo Kunieda, Yoshito Haba, Takayuki Hayashi, Ryo Iizuka, Kazunori Ishibashi, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi, Takuya Miyazawa, Hideyuki Mori, Takashi Okajima, Satoshi Sugita, Keisuke Tamura, Yuzuru Tawara, Tessei Yoshida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Japanese X-ray Astronomy Satellite, Hitomi (ASTRO-H) carried two hard X-ray telescopes (HXT), covering the energy band from 5 keV to 80 keV. In the initial functional verification phase of the onboard instruments, G21.5-0.9 and Crab nebula were observed with HXT. The data of G21.5-0.9 observation indicated that the hard X-ray imaging system worked well. Detail calibration of the Hitomi HXTs was performed with the observation data of Crab nebula. We extracted X-ray images of the Crab pulsar excluding the nebular emission, and confirmed that the imaging performance in orbit was satisfied with the requirement of the HXT. The 8-80 keV Crab spectrum was well fitted with a power-law model with the absorbed column of NH=3×1021 cm-2. The estimated photon index of 2.122±0.003 was consistent with previous results of Crab observation, while the observed 2-10 keV flux of 2.3×10-8 erg s-1 cm-2 was slightly larger than the previous observation. We note that there was discrepancy between the simulated and the measured effective area on ground. Thus, we introduced a fudge factor to reproduce the effective area obtained in the ground calibration. The fudge factor of HXTs are included in the latest calibration database of Hitomi.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VIII
EditorsStephen L. O'Dell, Giovanni Pareschi
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510612556
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2017
EventOptics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VIII 2017 - San Diego, United States
Duration: 08-08-201710-08-2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10399
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherOptics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VIII 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period08-08-1710-08-17

Fingerprint

X-ray Telescopes
Hard X-ray
Astronomy
astronomy
Telescopes
Calibration
Satellites
telescopes
X rays
crabs
Crab nebula
x rays
X-ray Astronomy
Pulsars
X-ray Imaging
Imaging System
Discrepancy
Power Law
Photon
Covering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Awaki, H., Matsumoto, H., Ishida, M., Furuzawa, A., Yamauchi, S., Maeda, Y., ... Yoshida, T. (2017). The Hitomi (ASTRO-H) hard X-ray telescope (HXT): Current status of calibration. In S. L. O'Dell, & G. Pareschi (Eds.), Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VIII [103990R] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10399). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2272844
Awaki, Hisamitsu ; Matsumoto, Hironori ; Ishida, Manabu ; Furuzawa, Akihiro ; Yamauchi, Shigeo ; Maeda, Yoshitomo ; Kunieda, Hideyo ; Haba, Yoshito ; Hayashi, Takayuki ; Iizuka, Ryo ; Ishibashi, Kazunori ; Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki ; Miyazawa, Takuya ; Mori, Hideyuki ; Okajima, Takashi ; Sugita, Satoshi ; Tamura, Keisuke ; Tawara, Yuzuru ; Yoshida, Tessei. / The Hitomi (ASTRO-H) hard X-ray telescope (HXT) : Current status of calibration. Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VIII. editor / Stephen L. O'Dell ; Giovanni Pareschi. SPIE, 2017. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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abstract = "The Japanese X-ray Astronomy Satellite, Hitomi (ASTRO-H) carried two hard X-ray telescopes (HXT), covering the energy band from 5 keV to 80 keV. In the initial functional verification phase of the onboard instruments, G21.5-0.9 and Crab nebula were observed with HXT. The data of G21.5-0.9 observation indicated that the hard X-ray imaging system worked well. Detail calibration of the Hitomi HXTs was performed with the observation data of Crab nebula. We extracted X-ray images of the Crab pulsar excluding the nebular emission, and confirmed that the imaging performance in orbit was satisfied with the requirement of the HXT. The 8-80 keV Crab spectrum was well fitted with a power-law model with the absorbed column of NH=3×1021 cm-2. The estimated photon index of 2.122±0.003 was consistent with previous results of Crab observation, while the observed 2-10 keV flux of 2.3×10-8 erg s-1 cm-2 was slightly larger than the previous observation. We note that there was discrepancy between the simulated and the measured effective area on ground. Thus, we introduced a fudge factor to reproduce the effective area obtained in the ground calibration. The fudge factor of HXTs are included in the latest calibration database of Hitomi.",
author = "Hisamitsu Awaki and Hironori Matsumoto and Manabu Ishida and Akihiro Furuzawa and Shigeo Yamauchi and Yoshitomo Maeda and Hideyo Kunieda and Yoshito Haba and Takayuki Hayashi and Ryo Iizuka and Kazunori Ishibashi and Ikuyuki Mitsuishi and Takuya Miyazawa and Hideyuki Mori and Takashi Okajima and Satoshi Sugita and Keisuke Tamura and Yuzuru Tawara and Tessei Yoshida",
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Awaki, H, Matsumoto, H, Ishida, M, Furuzawa, A, Yamauchi, S, Maeda, Y, Kunieda, H, Haba, Y, Hayashi, T, Iizuka, R, Ishibashi, K, Mitsuishi, I, Miyazawa, T, Mori, H, Okajima, T, Sugita, S, Tamura, K, Tawara, Y & Yoshida, T 2017, The Hitomi (ASTRO-H) hard X-ray telescope (HXT): Current status of calibration. in SL O'Dell & G Pareschi (eds), Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VIII., 103990R, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 10399, SPIE, Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VIII 2017, San Diego, United States, 08-08-17. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2272844

The Hitomi (ASTRO-H) hard X-ray telescope (HXT) : Current status of calibration. / Awaki, Hisamitsu; Matsumoto, Hironori; Ishida, Manabu; Furuzawa, Akihiro; Yamauchi, Shigeo; Maeda, Yoshitomo; Kunieda, Hideyo; Haba, Yoshito; Hayashi, Takayuki; Iizuka, Ryo; Ishibashi, Kazunori; Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki; Miyazawa, Takuya; Mori, Hideyuki; Okajima, Takashi; Sugita, Satoshi; Tamura, Keisuke; Tawara, Yuzuru; Yoshida, Tessei.

Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VIII. ed. / Stephen L. O'Dell; Giovanni Pareschi. SPIE, 2017. 103990R (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10399).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Furuzawa, Akihiro

AU - Yamauchi, Shigeo

AU - Maeda, Yoshitomo

AU - Kunieda, Hideyo

AU - Haba, Yoshito

AU - Hayashi, Takayuki

AU - Iizuka, Ryo

AU - Ishibashi, Kazunori

AU - Mitsuishi, Ikuyuki

AU - Miyazawa, Takuya

AU - Mori, Hideyuki

AU - Okajima, Takashi

AU - Sugita, Satoshi

AU - Tamura, Keisuke

AU - Tawara, Yuzuru

AU - Yoshida, Tessei

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Awaki H, Matsumoto H, Ishida M, Furuzawa A, Yamauchi S, Maeda Y et al. The Hitomi (ASTRO-H) hard X-ray telescope (HXT): Current status of calibration. In O'Dell SL, Pareschi G, editors, Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VIII. SPIE. 2017. 103990R. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2272844