Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of cervical lymph node dissection on acid reflux and duodenogastroesophageal reflux (DGER) in patients undergoing transthoracic esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction and intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy. Methods: Thirty-one patients receiving transthoracic esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction by intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy were divided into the following two groups: a two-field lymph node dissection group (2F group) and a three-field lymph node dissection group (3F group). All patients underwent 24-h pH and bilirubin monitoring and gastrointestinal endoscopy at 1 year after surgery. The 24-h pH and bilirubin monitoring results, endoscopic findings, and reflux symptoms were compared between the 2 groups. Results: No acid reflux was observed in the 2F group, whereas it was observed in 6 (40%) patients in the 3F group (p = 0.007). DGER was found in 2 patients (13%) in the 2F group and in 8 (53%) in the 3F group (p = 0.023). Four patients (25%) in the 2F group and 9 (60%) in the 3F group (p = 0.048) had reflux esophagitis. Conclusion: Cervical lymph node dissection increases acid reflux and DGER and can lead to an increase in the incidence of reflux esophagitis in patients undergoing intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy.
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