The impact of multiple role occupancy on health-related behaviours in Japan: Differences by gender and age

Y. Takeda, I. Kawachi, Z. Yamagata, S. Hashimoto, Y. Matsumura, S. Oguri, A. Okayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We examined gender and age differences in the impact of multiple role occupancy on health-related behaviours and health status among working age Japanese adults. Methods: We analysed the individually linked, nationally representative data of 5693 respondents aged 20-59, who completed the Comprehensive Survey of the Living Conditions of People on Health and Welfare and the National Nutrition Survey, conducted by the Japanese government in 1995. Results: Younger women benefited from multiple roles (less smoking), while younger men demonstrated more high-risk behaviours (more smoking, heavier drinking). By contrast, middle-aged men benefited from multiple roles (less smoking, fewer health problems), while middle-aged women reported lower health maintenance behaviours (less exercise, fewer health check-ups). Conclusions: Japanese society appears to be undergoing a transition in gender roles, as reflected by age and gender differences in the impact of multiple roles on health and health-related behaviours. Middle-aged males benefit from multiple roles (being the primary bread-winner and being married), while middle-aged women do not. This pattern seems to break down for younger Japanese men and women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)966-975
Number of pages10
JournalPublic Health
Volume120
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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