The Landscape of MYB/MYBL1- and Peri-MYB/MYBL1-Associated Rearrangements in Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma

Kaori Ueda, Takayuki Murase, Daisuke Kawakita, Toshitaka Nagao, Kimihide Kusafuka, Masato Nakaguro, Makoto Urano, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Ken ichi Taguchi, Satoshi Kano, Yuichiro Tada, Kiyoaki Tsukahara, Kenji Okami, Tetsuro Onitsuka, Yasushi Fujimoto, Kazuo Sakurai, Nobuhiro Hanai, Toru Nagao, Ryo Kawata, Naohito HatoKen ichi Nibu, Hiroshi Inagaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Approximately 60% of adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) cases are positive for MYB::NFIB or MYBL1::NFIB, whereas MYB/MYBL1 oncoprotein, a key driver of AdCC, is overexpressed in most cases. Juxtaposition of superenhancer regions in NFIB and other genes into the MYB/MYBL1 locus is an attractive oncogenic hypothesis for AdCC cases, either negative or positive for MYB/MYBL1::NFIB. However, evidence supporting this hypothesis is insufficient. We examined 160 salivary AdCC cases for rearrangements in MYB/MYBL1 loci and peri-MYB/MYBL1 areas (centromeric and telomeric areas of 10 Mb each) using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor sections. For the detection of the rearrangements, we employed conventional fluorescence in situ hybridization split and fusion assays and a 5 Mb fluorescence in situ hybridization split assay. The latter is a novel assay that enabled us to detect any possible splits within a 5 Mb distance of a chromosome. We found MYB/MYBL1- and peri-MYB/MYBL1-associated rearrangements in 149/160 patients (93%). AdCC cases positive for rearrangements in MYB, MYBL1, the peri-MYB area, and the peri-MYBL1 area numbered 105 (66%), 20 (13%), 19 (12%), and 5 (3%), respectively. In 24 peri-MYB/MYBL1 rearrangement-positive cases, 14 (58%) were found to have a juxtaposition of the NFIB or RAD51B locus into the MYB/MYBL1 loci. On comparing with a tumor group positive for MYB::NFIB, a hallmark of AdCC, other genetically classified tumor groups had similar features of overexpression of the MYB transcript and MYB oncoprotein as detected by semiquantitative RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. In addition, clinicopathological and prognostic features were similar among these groups. Our study suggests that peri-MYB/MYBL1 rearrangements may be a frequent event in AdCC and may result in biological and clinicopathological consequences comparable to MYB/MYBL1 rearrangements. The landscape of MYB/MYBL1 and peri-MYB/MYBL1 rearrangements shown here strongly suggests that juxtaposition of superenhancers into MYB/MYBL1 or peri-MYB/MYBL1 loci is an alteration that acts as a key driver for AdCC oncogenesis and may unify MYB/MYBL1 rearrangement-positive and negative cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100274
JournalModern Pathology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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