The predictive value of airway occlusion pressure at 100 msec (P0.1) on successful weaning from mechanical ventilation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Ryota Sato, Daisuke Hasegawa, Natsumi T. Hamahata, Swetha Narala, Kazuki Nishida, Kunihiko Takahashi, Tomoki Sempokuya, Ehab G. Daoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The predictive value of airway occlusion pressure at 100 milliseconds (P0.1) on weaning outcome has been controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the predictive value of P0.1 on successful weaning from mechanical ventilation. Materials and methods: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and EMBASE, and two authors independently screened articles. The pooled sensitivity, specificity and the summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) curve were estimated. Diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) was calculated using meta-regression analysis. Results: We included 12 prospective observational studies (n = 1089 patients). Analyses of sROC curves showed the area under the curve of 0.81 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.77 to 0.84) for P0.1. The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 86% (95% CI, 72 to 94%) and 58% (95% CI, 37% to 76%) with substantial heterogeneity respectively. DOR was 20.09 (p = 0.019, 95%CI: 1.63–247.15). After filling the missing data using the trim-and-fill method to adjust publication bias, DOR was 36.23 (p = 0.002, 95%CI: 3.56–372.41). Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggests that P0.1 is a useful tool to predict successful weaning. To determine clinical utility, a large prospective study investigating the sensitivity and specificity of P0.1 on weaning outcomes from mechanical ventilation is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Critical Care
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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