The safe implementation of peripherally inserted central catheters by nurse practitioners for patients with gastroenterological diseases in Japan: a single-center retrospective study

Yuriko Takematsu, Susumu Shibasaki, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Junichiro Hiro, Takeshi Takahara, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Ichiro Uyama, Koichi Suda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: As a safe and reliable alternative to central venous catheters (CVCs), peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are commonly used in clinical practice. However, the insertion of PICCs by nurse practitioners (NPs), especially in Japan, has not been reported extensively. Thus, we investigated the safety and efficiency of PICC insertions by NPs. Methods: The participants were 1322 patients who underwent PICC insertion by NPs at Fujita Health University Hospital (FNPs). The basilic vein in the brachium was the preferred vein for insertion; the brachial vein was the alternative. Patients were monitored from the time of PICC insertion until its removal. Ultrasonography-guided puncture was used for all catheter insertions, and the catheter tip was replaced into the superior vena cava under fluoroscopic imaging with maximal sterile barrier precautions. The outcomes of the PICC insertions by the FNPs were evaluated retrospectively. Results: Overall, 23 FNPs inserted a collective total of 1322 PICCs, which remained in place for a collective total of 23,619 catheter days. The rate of successful PICC insertion was 99% (1310 patients). The median time taken for PICC insertion was 12 min (interquartile range, 10–15 min). Intraoperative complications occurred in two patients (0.2%). The confirmed incidence of central line–associated bloodstream infection was 3.4% (45 patients), and these infections occurred on 1.9 per 1000 catheter days. The median duration of PICC placement was 15 days (range, 10–23 days). Conclusion: PICC insertion by NPs is safe and a potential alternative to CVC insertion by surgeons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-495
Number of pages9
JournalSurgery Today
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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