Purpose: The aim of this study was to clarify the significance of serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-1 receptor antagonist (ra) levels in the evaluation of disease status in jaundice-free survivors with biliary atresia after Kasai operation. Patients and Methods: Serum concentrations of HGF, IL-6, and IL-ra were measured in 31 long-term jaundice-free patients with biliary atresia after Kasai operation and 29 controls. Patients were divided into 4 groups: group A (n = 8), normal liver function; group B (n = 9), mild liver dysfunction without portal hypertension; group C (n = 9), moderate liver dysfunction with controllable portal hypertension; and group D (n = 5), receiving liver transplantation. Results: Serum IL-6 levels were significantly higher in patients than in controls. There was no difference in serum IL-6 levels among groups B, C, and D. Serum IL-1ra levels were elevated according to liver dysfunction. Serum HGF levels in group D were significantly higher than in controls and the other groups. Serum hyarulonic acid levels were positively correlated with serum levels of IL-1ra and HGF. Conclusions: Elevation of serum IL-1ra and HGF levels correlated with the progression of liver fibrosis and dysfunction. In particular, serum HGF levels could be used as a predictor for requiring liver transplantation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health