The surgical strategy for infected thoracic aortic aneurysms (ITAA) remains controversial. Effective antibiotic therapy is mandatory and surgical intervention is indicated only to prevent an aneurysmal rupture. In-situ reconstruction through an aseptic route is ideal; however, urgent surgery is often required in the uncontrolled infectious phase. Five patients were recently treated surgically for ITAA. They were all males with a mean age of 61.2 (range: 58-66) years. Two patients were operated on urgently in the active infectious phase due to impending aneurysmal rupture. A total arch reconstruction with an extra-anatomical bypass between the ascending aorta and both femoral arteries in one and an extended aortic arch resection with an in-situ graft reconstruction were performed in the other. The other three patients underwent in-situ graft reconstructions in the controlled infectious phase. Four patients had multiple aneurysms, including nine saccular or nodular aneurysms. Short-interval computed tomography (CT) re-examinations revealed a rapid enlargement of the aneurysms and confirmed the diagnosis. All patients successfully survived and are doing well without any evidence of a recurrent aortic infection. The surgical strategy for ITAA should be determined on a case-by-case basis under a careful follow-up with short-interval CT re-examinations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine