Therapeutic effect of allogeneic bone marrow–derived mesenchymal stromal cells on aortic aneurysms

Naohiro Akita, Yuji Narita, Aika Yamawaki-Ogata, Akihiko Usui, Kimihiro Komori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously reported the effectiveness of autologous mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) for the treatment of aortic aneurysm (AA), mediated mainly by these cells’ anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigate whether the therapeutic effects of allogeneic MSCs on AA are the same as those of autologous MSCs. To examine the immune response to allogeneic MSCs, C57BL/6 lymphocytes were co-cultured with BALB/c MSCs for 5 days in vitro. Apolipoprotein E-deficient C57BL/6 mice with AA induced by angiotensin II were randomly divided into three groups defined by the following intravenous injections: (i) 0.2 ml of saline (n = 10, group S) as a control, (ii) 1 × 106 autologous MSCs (isolated from C57BL/6, n = 10, group Au) and (iii) 1 × 106 allogeneic MSCs (isolated from BALB/c, n = 10, group Al). Two weeks after injection, aortic diameters were measured, along with enzymatic activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 and cytokine concentrations in AAs. Neither allogenic (BALB/c) MSCs nor autologous (C57BL/6) MSCs accelerated the proliferation of lymphocytes obtained from C57BL/6. Compared with group S, groups Au and Al had significantly shorter aortic diameters (group S vs Au vs Al; 2.29 vs 1.40 vs 1.36 mm, respectively, p < 0.01), reduced MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities, downregulated IL-6 and MCP-1 and upregulated expression of IGF-1 and TIMP-2. There were no differences in these results between groups Au and Al. Thus, our study suggests that treatment with allogeneic MSCs improves chronic inflammation and reduced aortic dilatation. These effects were equivalent to those of autologous MSCs in established mouse models of AA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-793
Number of pages13
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Volume383
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02-2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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