Therapeutic effect of risedronate on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats: A comparison with the effects of alfacalcidol

Jun Iwamoto, Azusa Seki, Tsuyoshi Takeda, Yoshihiro Sato, Harumoto Yamada, James K. Yeh

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Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to compare the therapeutic effects of risedronate (RIS) and alfacalcidol (ALF) on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats. Forty-two female Sprague-Dawley rats, 7 months of age, were randomized by the stratified weight method into six groups: the sham-operated control (Sham) group, and five ovariectomized groups: treated with vehicle, RIS (0.1, 1.0, or 2.5 mg/ kg, p.o., daily), and ALF (0.5 μg/kg, p.o., daily). Treatment was started 6 weeks after surgery and continued for 6 weeks. Evaluation at 12 weeks after surgery revealed that ovariectomy (OVX) decreased the cancellous bone volume/total tissue volume (BV/TV) of the proximal tibial metaphysis as a result of an increase of the bone formation rate/ bone surface (BFR/BS), BFR/BV, and eroded surface (ES/BS), while having no effect on the cortical area (Ct Ar) of the tibial diaphysis. OVX also decreased the maximum load of the femoral distal metaphysis, while having no effect on any mechanical property parameters of the femoral diaphysis. RIS (at all the doses) increased the BV/TV relative to the value in the OVX-Vehicle group, but the value was not restored to that observed in the Sham group. The effects of RIS (1.0 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg) were similar, and greater than those of RIS (0.1 mg/kg). ALF also increased the BV/TV relative to the OVX-Vehicle group, but the value was not restored to that observed in the Sham group, similar to the results of RIS (1.0 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg) treatment. The alterations of the structural parameters induced by RIS (at the doses) were attributable to suppression of the increase of ES/BS, BFR/BS, and BFR/BV. The alterations of the structural parameters induced by ALF were attributable to suppression of the increase of ES/BS and attenuation of the increase of BFR/BV, while the BFR/BS was maintained. ALF also increased the Ct Ar to beyond the value observed in the Sham group. RIS (at all the doses) had no effect on the mechanical properties of the femoral distal metaphysis, whereas ALF prevented the loss of the maximum load of the femoral distal metaphysis. Thus, the results of the present study show differential effects of RIS and ALF on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-342
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Animals
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-08-2006

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1alpha-hydroxycholecalciferol
Therapeutic Uses
Rats
Bone
bones
therapeutics
rats
thighs
Thigh
bone formation
Bone and Bones
Osteogenesis
Diaphyses
mechanical properties
dosage
surgery
Tissue
Surgery
ovariectomy
Cortical Bone

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Iwamoto, Jun ; Seki, Azusa ; Takeda, Tsuyoshi ; Sato, Yoshihiro ; Yamada, Harumoto ; Yeh, James K. / Therapeutic effect of risedronate on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats : A comparison with the effects of alfacalcidol. In: Experimental Animals. 2006 ; Vol. 55, No. 4. pp. 333-342.
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abstract = "The purpose of the present study was to compare the therapeutic effects of risedronate (RIS) and alfacalcidol (ALF) on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats. Forty-two female Sprague-Dawley rats, 7 months of age, were randomized by the stratified weight method into six groups: the sham-operated control (Sham) group, and five ovariectomized groups: treated with vehicle, RIS (0.1, 1.0, or 2.5 mg/ kg, p.o., daily), and ALF (0.5 μg/kg, p.o., daily). Treatment was started 6 weeks after surgery and continued for 6 weeks. Evaluation at 12 weeks after surgery revealed that ovariectomy (OVX) decreased the cancellous bone volume/total tissue volume (BV/TV) of the proximal tibial metaphysis as a result of an increase of the bone formation rate/ bone surface (BFR/BS), BFR/BV, and eroded surface (ES/BS), while having no effect on the cortical area (Ct Ar) of the tibial diaphysis. OVX also decreased the maximum load of the femoral distal metaphysis, while having no effect on any mechanical property parameters of the femoral diaphysis. RIS (at all the doses) increased the BV/TV relative to the value in the OVX-Vehicle group, but the value was not restored to that observed in the Sham group. The effects of RIS (1.0 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg) were similar, and greater than those of RIS (0.1 mg/kg). ALF also increased the BV/TV relative to the OVX-Vehicle group, but the value was not restored to that observed in the Sham group, similar to the results of RIS (1.0 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg) treatment. The alterations of the structural parameters induced by RIS (at the doses) were attributable to suppression of the increase of ES/BS, BFR/BS, and BFR/BV. The alterations of the structural parameters induced by ALF were attributable to suppression of the increase of ES/BS and attenuation of the increase of BFR/BV, while the BFR/BS was maintained. ALF also increased the Ct Ar to beyond the value observed in the Sham group. RIS (at all the doses) had no effect on the mechanical properties of the femoral distal metaphysis, whereas ALF prevented the loss of the maximum load of the femoral distal metaphysis. Thus, the results of the present study show differential effects of RIS and ALF on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats.",
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Therapeutic effect of risedronate on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats : A comparison with the effects of alfacalcidol. / Iwamoto, Jun; Seki, Azusa; Takeda, Tsuyoshi; Sato, Yoshihiro; Yamada, Harumoto; Yeh, James K.

In: Experimental Animals, Vol. 55, No. 4, 01.08.2006, p. 333-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Therapeutic effect of risedronate on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats

T2 - A comparison with the effects of alfacalcidol

AU - Iwamoto, Jun

AU - Seki, Azusa

AU - Takeda, Tsuyoshi

AU - Sato, Yoshihiro

AU - Yamada, Harumoto

AU - Yeh, James K.

PY - 2006/8/1

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N2 - The purpose of the present study was to compare the therapeutic effects of risedronate (RIS) and alfacalcidol (ALF) on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats. Forty-two female Sprague-Dawley rats, 7 months of age, were randomized by the stratified weight method into six groups: the sham-operated control (Sham) group, and five ovariectomized groups: treated with vehicle, RIS (0.1, 1.0, or 2.5 mg/ kg, p.o., daily), and ALF (0.5 μg/kg, p.o., daily). Treatment was started 6 weeks after surgery and continued for 6 weeks. Evaluation at 12 weeks after surgery revealed that ovariectomy (OVX) decreased the cancellous bone volume/total tissue volume (BV/TV) of the proximal tibial metaphysis as a result of an increase of the bone formation rate/ bone surface (BFR/BS), BFR/BV, and eroded surface (ES/BS), while having no effect on the cortical area (Ct Ar) of the tibial diaphysis. OVX also decreased the maximum load of the femoral distal metaphysis, while having no effect on any mechanical property parameters of the femoral diaphysis. RIS (at all the doses) increased the BV/TV relative to the value in the OVX-Vehicle group, but the value was not restored to that observed in the Sham group. The effects of RIS (1.0 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg) were similar, and greater than those of RIS (0.1 mg/kg). ALF also increased the BV/TV relative to the OVX-Vehicle group, but the value was not restored to that observed in the Sham group, similar to the results of RIS (1.0 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg) treatment. The alterations of the structural parameters induced by RIS (at the doses) were attributable to suppression of the increase of ES/BS, BFR/BS, and BFR/BV. The alterations of the structural parameters induced by ALF were attributable to suppression of the increase of ES/BS and attenuation of the increase of BFR/BV, while the BFR/BS was maintained. ALF also increased the Ct Ar to beyond the value observed in the Sham group. RIS (at all the doses) had no effect on the mechanical properties of the femoral distal metaphysis, whereas ALF prevented the loss of the maximum load of the femoral distal metaphysis. Thus, the results of the present study show differential effects of RIS and ALF on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats.

AB - The purpose of the present study was to compare the therapeutic effects of risedronate (RIS) and alfacalcidol (ALF) on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats. Forty-two female Sprague-Dawley rats, 7 months of age, were randomized by the stratified weight method into six groups: the sham-operated control (Sham) group, and five ovariectomized groups: treated with vehicle, RIS (0.1, 1.0, or 2.5 mg/ kg, p.o., daily), and ALF (0.5 μg/kg, p.o., daily). Treatment was started 6 weeks after surgery and continued for 6 weeks. Evaluation at 12 weeks after surgery revealed that ovariectomy (OVX) decreased the cancellous bone volume/total tissue volume (BV/TV) of the proximal tibial metaphysis as a result of an increase of the bone formation rate/ bone surface (BFR/BS), BFR/BV, and eroded surface (ES/BS), while having no effect on the cortical area (Ct Ar) of the tibial diaphysis. OVX also decreased the maximum load of the femoral distal metaphysis, while having no effect on any mechanical property parameters of the femoral diaphysis. RIS (at all the doses) increased the BV/TV relative to the value in the OVX-Vehicle group, but the value was not restored to that observed in the Sham group. The effects of RIS (1.0 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg) were similar, and greater than those of RIS (0.1 mg/kg). ALF also increased the BV/TV relative to the OVX-Vehicle group, but the value was not restored to that observed in the Sham group, similar to the results of RIS (1.0 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg) treatment. The alterations of the structural parameters induced by RIS (at the doses) were attributable to suppression of the increase of ES/BS, BFR/BS, and BFR/BV. The alterations of the structural parameters induced by ALF were attributable to suppression of the increase of ES/BS and attenuation of the increase of BFR/BV, while the BFR/BS was maintained. ALF also increased the Ct Ar to beyond the value observed in the Sham group. RIS (at all the doses) had no effect on the mechanical properties of the femoral distal metaphysis, whereas ALF prevented the loss of the maximum load of the femoral distal metaphysis. Thus, the results of the present study show differential effects of RIS and ALF on cancellous and cortical bone in ovariectomized osteopenic rats.

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