Therapeutic potential of adipose-derived SSEA-3-positive muse cells for treating diabetic skin ulcers

Kahori Kinoshita, Shinichiro Kuno, Hisako Ishimine, Noriyuki Aoi, Kazuhide Mineda, Harunosuke Kato, Kentaro Doi, Koji Kanayama, Jingwei Feng, Takanobu Mashiko, Akira Kurisaki, Kotaro Yoshimura

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53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stage-specific embryonic antigen-3 (SSEA-3)-positive multipotent mesenchymal cells (multilineage differentiating stress-enduring [Muse] cells) were isolated from cultured human adipose tissuederived stem/stromal cells (hASCs) and characterized, and their therapeutic potential for treating diabetic skin ulcers was evaluated. Cultured hASCs were separated using magnetic-activated cell sorting into positive and negative fractions, a SSEA-3+ cell-enriched fraction (Muse-rich) and the remaining fraction (Muse-poor). Muse-rich hASCs showed upregulated and downregulated pluripotency and cell proliferation genes, respectively, compared with Muse-poor hASCs. These cells also released higher amounts of certain growth factors, particularly under hypoxic conditions, compared with Muse-poor cells. Skin ulcers were generated in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice with type 1 diabetes, which showed delayed wound healing compared with nondiabetic SCID mice. Treatment with Muse-rich cells significantly accelerated wound healing compared with treatment with Muse-poor cells. Transplanted cells were integrated into the regenerated dermis as vascular endothelial cells and other cells. However, they were not detected in the surrounding intact regions. Thus, the selected population of ASCs has greater therapeutic effects to accelerate impaired wound healing associated with type 1 diabetes. These cells can be achieved in large amounts with minimal morbidity and could be a practical tool for a variety of stem cell-depleted or ischemic conditions of various organs and tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-155
Number of pages10
JournalStem Cells Translational Medicine
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Kinoshita, K., Kuno, S., Ishimine, H., Aoi, N., Mineda, K., Kato, H., Doi, K., Kanayama, K., Feng, J., Mashiko, T., Kurisaki, A., & Yoshimura, K. (2015). Therapeutic potential of adipose-derived SSEA-3-positive muse cells for treating diabetic skin ulcers. Stem Cells Translational Medicine, 4(2), 146-155. https://doi.org/10.5966/sctm.2014-0181