The time-dependent effects of Klebsiella pneumoniae endotoxin on hepatic cytochrome P450-dependent drug-metabolizing capacity (cytochrome P450 and b5 content, activity of aminopyrine N-demethylase, p-nitroanisole O-demethylase, aniline hydroxylase and benzphetamine N-demethylase) and on the pharmacokinetics of antipyrine have been determined in rats. Measurement of enzyme activity and antipyrine (after intravenous injection of 20 mg kg-1) were performed 2, 24 and 96 h after a single intraperitoneal injection of endotoxin (1 mg kg-1) and after repeated doses (once daily for 4 days). The contribution of tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) to the endotoxin-induced changes was also examined in rats pretreated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). The systemic clearance of antipyrine and the activity of hepatic cytochrome P450-dependent drug-metabolizing enzymes were dramatically reduced 24 h after a single injection of endotoxin, but had returned to control levels by 96 h. The magnitudes of these decreases in these measurements after repeated doses of endotoxin were similar to those seen 24 h after the single dose. The systemic clearance of antipyrine correlated significantly with cytochrome P450 content and aminopyrine N-demethylase activity. In histopathological experiments, moderate hypertrophy of Kupffer cells was observed, with no evidence of severe liver-tissue damage. G-CSF pretreatment suppressed the increased plasma concentrations of TNFα produced 2 h after single endotoxin injection, but did not eliminate the endotoxin-induced decrease in the systemic clearance of antipyrine, suggesting that TNFα is not the sole component responsible for the reduction of cytochrome P450-mediated drug-metabolizing enzyme activity. These results provide evidence that a single intraperitoneal injection of 1.0 mg kg-1 K. pneumoniae endotoxin in rats reduces hepatic P450 and b5 levels, and reduces the activity of various cytochrome P450-mediated drug-metabolizing enzymes without causing severe liver-tissue damage. This suggests that the effect of endotoxin on hepatic cytochrome P450-mediated drug-metabolizing isozymes is non-selective.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 08-1998|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science