The preventive effects of physical activity against cancer may partly be ascribable to a possible decrease in insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) induced by the activity. To examine the association of physical activity with IGF-I and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), we analyzed the data for control participants in a case-control study nested in the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. A total of 3,598 men and 3,359 women throughout Japan, aged 40 to 79 years, were administered a lifestyle questionnaire and provided serum samples. The age- and body mass index (BMI)- adjusted serum levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were lower among those who walked for longer times with a significant trend in both sexes (trend P < 0.01). Among participants who walked one hour or more per day, the mean levels of serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were 138.7 ng/ml and 2.87 μg/ml in men and 125.7 ng/ml and 3.14 μg/ml in women, respectively. The corresponding figures among those rarely walked were 147.4 ng/ml and 2.99 μg/ml in men and 132.3 ng/ml and 3.21 μg/ml in women. For IGF-I, adjustment for serum IGFBP-3 did not essentially alter such associations although the trend in women did not reach statistical significance. A decreased level of serum IGF-I was associated with longer exercise time in men even after adjustment for serum IGFBP-3 (trend P = 0.033 after adjustment for age, BMI, and serum IGFBP-3), whereas the time was positively correlated with serum IGF-I in women (trend P = 0.048). Our findings may partly explain the protective effects of physical activity against several sites of cancer.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention|
|Publication status||Published - 05-12-2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Cancer Research