Survivin is an apoptosis inhibitor found in many tumors but not in most normal differentiated tissues, which makes it an exciting target for cancer therapy. Survivin expression has been shown to be associated with cell proliferation in renal cancer and we previously demonstrated the possibility of treating renal cancer with survivin-specific siRNA and topotecan, which increased the uptake of siRNA by KU19-20 renal cancer cells. We found in the present study that the combination of siRNA and topotecan inhibits survivin expression in Caki-1 renal cancer cells by another mechanism. Caki-1 renal cancer cells expressed higher level of survivin than KU19-20 cells did and survivin-specific siRNA alone suppressed survivin expression only slightly. The combination of topotecan and siRNA suppressed survivin expression completely and inhibited cell proliferation. Topotecan itself did not increase cellular uptake of siRNA but suppressed survivin expression. It also increased transfection efficiency without increasing cellular uptake of siRNA. Although the mechanism of action varies between cell lines, combination therapy using topotecan and siRNA should offer an attractive approach for treatment of advanced renal cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research