Transoral Robotic-Assisted Neurosurgery for Skull Base and Upper Spine Lesions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The application of the da Vinci Surgical System in neurosurgery is limited due to technical difficulties requiring precise maneuvers and small instruments. This study details the advantages and disadvantages of robotics in neurosurgery and the reachable range of the transoral approach to lesions of the skull base and upper cervical spine. Methods: In a cadaver study, the da Vinci Xi robot, lacking haptic feedback, was utilized for sagittal and coronal approaches on 5 heads, facilitating dura suturing in 3, with a 30°-angled drill for bone removal. Results: Perfect exposure of all the nasopharyngeal sites, clivus, sellar, and choana, including the bilateral eustachian tubes, was achieved without any external incisions using this palatal split approach of transoral robotic surgery. The time required to perform a single stitch, knot, and complete single suture in robotic suturing of deep-seated were significantly less compared to manual suturing via the endonasal approach. Conclusion: This is the first report to show the feasibility of suturing the dural defect in deepseated lesions transorally and revealed that the limit of reach in the coronal plane via a transoral approach with incision of the soft palate is the foramen ovale. This preclinical investigation also showed that the transoral robotic approach is feasible for lesions extending from the sellar to the C2 in the sagittal plane. Refinement of robotic instruments for specific anatomic sites and future neurosurgical studies are needed to further demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of this system in treating benign and malignant skull base lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-115
Number of pages10
JournalNeurospine
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Transoral Robotic-Assisted Neurosurgery for Skull Base and Upper Spine Lesions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this