Transoral surgery for superficial head and neck cancer: National Multi-Center Survey in Japan

Chikatoshi Katada, Manabu Muto, Satoshi Fujii, Tetsuji Yokoyama, Tomonori Yano, Akihito Watanabe, Toshiro Iizuka, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Ichiro Tateya, Hiroki Mitani, Yuichi Shimizu, Akiko Takahashi, Tomoyuki Kamijo, Noboru Hanaoka, Makoto Abe, Akihiro Shiotani, Koichi Kano, Yukinori Asada, Tamotsu Matsuhashi, Hirohito UmenoKenji Okami, Kenichi Goda, Shinichiro Hori, Yoichiro Ono, Shuji Terai, Yasuaki Nagami, Kenichi Takemura, Kenro Kawada, Mizuo Ando, Naoto Shimeno, Akihito Arai, Yasutoshi Sakamoto, Masaaki Ichinoe, Tetsuo Nemoto, Masahiro Fujita, Hidenobu Watanabe, Tadakazu Shimoda, Atsushi Ochiai, Takakuni Kato, Ryuichi Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Head and neck cancers, especially in hypopharynx and oropharynx, are often detected at advanced stage with poor prognosis. Narrow band imaging enables detection of superficial cancers and transoral surgery is performed with curative intent. However, pathological evaluation and real-world safety and clinical outcomes have not been clearly understood. The aim of this nationwide multicenter study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of transoral surgery for superficial head and neck cancer. We collected the patients with superficial head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who were treated by transoral surgery from 27 hospitals in Japan. Central pathology review was undertaken on all of the resected specimens. The primary objective was effectiveness of transoral surgery, and the secondary objective was safety including incidence and severity of adverse events. Among the 568 patients, a total of 662 lesions were primarily treated by 575 sessions of transoral surgery. The median tumor diameter was 12 mm (range 1–75) endoscopically. Among the lesions, 57.4% were diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma in situ. The median procedure time was 48 minutes (range 2–357). Adverse events occurred in 12.7%. Life-threatening complications occurred in 0.5%, but there were no treatment-related deaths. During a median follow-up period of 46.1 months (range 1–113), the 3-year overall survival rate, relapse-free survival rate, cause-specific survival rate, and larynx-preservation survival rate were 88.1%, 84.4%, 99.6%, and 87.5%, respectively. Transoral surgery for superficial head and neck cancer offers effective minimally invasive treatment. Clinical trials registry number: UMIN000008276.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3848-3861
Number of pages14
JournalCancer Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 06-2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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