Transport and Golgi organization 2 deficiency with a prominent elevation of C14:1 during a metabolic crisis: A case report

Katsuyuki Yokoi, Yoko Nakajima, Yoshihisa Takahashi, Takashi Hamajima, Go Tajima, Kazuyoshi Saito, Shunsuke Miyai, Hidehito Inagaki, Tetsushi Yoshikawa, Hiroki Kurahashi, Tetsuya Ito

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Abstract

Mutations in transport and Golgi organization 2 homolog (TANGO2) have recently been described as a cause of an autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by episodes of metabolic crisis associated with rhabdomyolysis, cardiac arrhythmias, and neurodegeneration. Herein, we report a case of a one-and-a-half-year-old Japanese girl, born to nonconsanguineous parents, who presented with metabolic crisis characterized by hypoglycemia with hypoketonemia, rhabdomyolysis, lactic acidosis, and prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) at the age of 6 months. Acylcarnitine analysis during the episode of crisis showed prominent elevation of C14:1, suggesting very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) deficiency. In addition, worsening rhabdomyolysis was observed after intravenous administration of L-carnitine. VLCAD deficiency was initially suspected; however, the enzyme activity in lymphocytes was only mildly decreased at the gene carrier level, and no mutation in the VLCAD gene (ADADVL) was detected. Subsequently, acylcarnitine analysis was nonspecific at 17-h fasting and almost normal during the stable phase. Eventually, a trio whole-exome sequencing revealed a compound heterozygous variant of two novel variants in the TANGO2 gene, a missense variant, and a deletion of exon 7. This is the first case of TANGO2 deficiency in Asians. Our case suggests that elevated C14:1 may be seen in severe metabolic crises and that the use of L-carnitine should be avoided during metabolic crises.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-9
Number of pages7
JournalJIMD Reports
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)

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