Sternal and rib fractures are well-known complications of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We experienced a rare case of traumatic gastric perforation associated with CPR that required emergency laparotomy. In this case, we examined whether surgery is essential for gastric perforation associated with CPR. A 67-year-old man experienced cardiopulmonary arrest in the workplace, and bystander CPR was performed by his colleagues. He was then transported by ambulance to our hospital. A large amount of free air was found in the peritoneal cavity on computed tomography at presentation, and perforation of the gastrointestinal tract was suspected. During emergency laparotomy, a 2-cm serosal-muscular layer tear was found in the gastric lesser curvature. The damaged stomach wall was repaired, the abdominal cavity was lavaged, and surgery was completed by placing a drainage tube. The patient’s postoperative course was good and he was discharged on the 26th postoperative day. Emergency laparotomy has been performed frequently for traumatic gastric perforation associated with CPR. However, emergency laparotomy may be avoided by conservative treatment in some cases. Traumatic gastric perforation associated with CPR is a serious complication; however, the life prognosis of cardiopulmonary arrest patients depends on the original disease and the success of CPR. Traumatic gastric perforation associated with CPR is rarely fatal, and bystanders should not hesitate to initiate CPR.
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