The number of kidney transplants has gradually increased in the last decade; it was 1742 in Japan in 2017. The outcomes have improved year by year, with the indications for transplantation expanding accordingly. In this paper, we will report the unique trends and outcomes of kidney transplantation in Japan. The detailed transplant characteristics and outcomes are also shown as an updated version of the previous report in the Renal Replacement Therapy. Transplantations in elderly, diabetic, and ABO-incompatible living donors have been more widely performed recently, with the outcomes of these transplants having improved remarkably. However, the number of deceased donor transplants is still quite small, and further efforts to increase deceased organ donation continue to be of utmost necessity in Japan.
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