Trophinin mediates apical cell adhesion between two human cell lines, trophoblastic teratocarcinoma and endometrial adenocarcinoma. In humans, trophinin is specifically expressed in cells involved in implantation and early placentation. The present study was undertaken to establish trophinin expression by the mouse uterus. In the pregnant mouse uterus, trophinin transcripts are expressed during the time which coincides with the timing of blastocyst implantation. Trophinin is also expressed in the nonpregnant mouse uterus at estrus stage. Uteri from ovariectomized mice did not express trophinin, whereas strong expression was induced by estrogen but not by progesterone. Trophinin transcripts and protein were found in the pseudopregnant mouse uterus. No differences were detected in trophinin expression by the uteri in the pregnant, pseudopregnant, and pseudopregnant received blastocysts. In delayed implantation model, trophinin proteins were found in both luminal and glandular epithelium, whereas dormant blastocysts were negative for trophinin. Upon activation with estrogen, however, no significant changes were detected either in the blastocyst or in the uterus. These results indicate that ovarian hormones regulate trophinin expression by the mouse uterus, and that an implanting blastocyst has no effect on trophinin expression in the surrounding endometrial luminal epithelial cells.
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