Translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) is a cytoplasmic cap-binding protein that is required for cap-dependent translation initiation. Here, we have shown that eIF4E is ubiquitinated primarily at Lys-159 and incubation of cells with a proteasome inhibitor leads to increased eIF4E levels, suggesting the proteasome-dependent proteolysis of ubiquitinated eIF4E. Ubiquitinated eIF4E retained its cap binding ability, whereas eIF4E phosphorylation and eIF4G binding were reduced by ubiquitination. The W73A mutant of eIF4E exhibited enhanced ubiquitination/degradation, and 4E-BP overexpression protected eIF4E from ubiquitination/degradation. Because heat shock or the expression of the carboxyl terminus of heat shock cognate protein 70-interacting protein (Chip) dramatically increased eIF4E ubiquitination, Chip may be at least one ubiquitin E3 ligase responsible for eIF4E ubiquitination.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology