Ultrasonographic assessment of an induration caused by extravasation of a nonvesicant anticancer drug

Mari Abe-Doi, Ryoko Murayama, Koichi Yabunaka, Hidenori Tanabe, Chieko Komiyama, Hiromi Sanada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Rationale: Induration may occur after an anticancer drug extravasation in patients who recurrently receive chemotherapy because of reduced choice of an appropriate vein for inserting a peripheral intravenous catheter, resulting in catheter placement difficulty. Although induration affects treatment, its size, shape, or hardness remains unclear in the conventional observation method using palpation and inspection. Here, we report our observation results in using ultrasonography to assess the induration that occurred after an anticancer drug extravasation as a new assessment method. Patient concerns: A 58-year-old woman with cervical cancer who complained of pain during the administration of a nonvesicant anticancer drug via a peripheral intravenous catheter. The medical staff's examination showed a swollen site; therefore, the catheter was replaced. Diagnosis: Induration occurred on the site after an extravasation. Over 6 months later, pigmentation and induration, which can easily be confirmed through palpation, persisted. Interventions: The subcutaneous tissue in the induration site was observed using ultrasonography (B-mode and elastography). Outcomes: The subcutaneous tissue might have degenerated the tissues surrounding the vein, making it thinner. Moreover, the hardness of the subcutaneous tissue was approximately 7 times than that of the surrounding tissues. Lessons: Induration that affects the vein form and its surrounding tissues should be prevented, and ultrasonography is an effective method to objectively observe the site where extravasation occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15043
JournalMedicine (United States)
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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