Recent advances in cDNA microarray technology have made it possible to analyze expression of more than 8000 genes. Using this technology, gene expression in the hippocampus containing neurofibrillary tangle-associated lesions from an Alzheimer's disease (AD) patient was compared with expression in the parietal cortex from the same patient that lacked these lesions. We also compared gene expression using a control brain. The top 20 named genes significantly up-regulated or down-regulated only in the AD brain were determined. The most up-regulated gene proved to be calcineurin Aβ mRNA (CAβ). In situ hybridization histochemistry revealed that CAβ was significantly up-regulated in pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus in the AD brain. RT-PCR analysis revealed that CAβ was up-regulated in the hippocampus from two out of three AD brains while there were no changes in three control brains. Our study suggests that CAβ may play a crucial role in the pathophysiological mechanisms in AD.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology