Up-Regulation of Osteopontin, Chemokines, Adhesion Molecule, and Heat Shock Proteins in 1-Hour Biopsy From Cardiac Death Donor Kidneys

M. Kusaka, Y. Kuroyanagi, T. Mori, H. Sasaki, T. Maruyama, K. Hayakawa, R. Shiroki, H. Kurahashi, K. Hoshinaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Since April 1979, 471 kidneys were retrieved from donors after cardiac death (DCD) using an in situ regional cooling technique, with excellent renal function and good long-term graft survival. However, the precise cascade of events following transplantation of DCD kidneys and the influence of ischemia-reperfusion injury remain unclear. In this study, we performed gene expression profiling using 1-hour biopsy samples from DCD kidneys versus those from living sources. Methods: All kidney grafts were procured at our center using an in situ regional cooling technique from DCD. Living donor kidneys (LD) were harvested by open nephrectomy. All graft biopsies were performed 1 hour after reperfusion (DCD n = 8, LD n = 9). We analyzed the expression profile of 20,173 genes. Results: One hundred seventy eight genes were up-regulated (>2-fold difference and DCD/LD > 1.5) and 120 down-regulated (<1/2-fold and LD/DCD > 1.5) in DCD kidneys. Expression of osteopontin (22.5 ± 2.6-fold DCD vs 7.7 ± 1.7 LD; P < .001), chemokines (CCL4 4.4 ± 0.7 vs 2.5 ± 0.3; P < .01), (CCL2 6.0 ± 1.3 vs 2.8 ± 0.5), CXCL1 (9.5 ± 0.4 vs 2.0 ± 0.2), and CXCL2 (16.7 ± 5.3 vs 4.8 ± 1.3; P < .05), adhesion molecule (ICAM-1 4.7 ± 0.7 vs 2.5 ± 0.4; P < .05), and heat shock proteins (HSPA1L 6.7 ± 0.7 vs 1.6 ± 0.3, HSPA1A 17.7 ± 2.6 vs 2.4 ± 0.5, HSPA1B 13.3 ± 0.2 vs 3.0 ± 0.7, HSPA5 6.7 ± 0.8 vs 3.2 ± 0.3, HSPB1 2.9 ± 0.2 vs 1.0 ± 0.1, and HSPH1 19.4 ± 3.0 vs 5.9 ± 1.1; P < .001) were up-regulated in the kidneys from DCD. Conclusion: This report analyzed global gene expression using 1-hour biopsy samples from DCD kidneys. These results may provide new insight into the identification of novel target genes for the development of therapeutic approaches and for determining graft viability of kidneys from DCD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3347-3350
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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