Upper End Vertebra of Proximal Thoracic Curve At T1 is a Novel Risk Factor of Postoperative Shoulder Imbalance in Lenke Type 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Norihiro Isogai, Mitsuru Yagi, Nao Otomo, Yoshihiro Maeda, Satoshi Suzuki, Satoshi Nori, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihito Nagoshi, Eijiro Okada, Nobuyuki Fujita, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Design: Retrospective single-center study. Objective: We investigated the risk factors of postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI) in patients with Lenke type 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) including the position of preoperative upper end vertebra (UEV). Methods: Seventy-five patients with Lenke type 2 AIS who underwent posterior correction and fusion surgeries from 2008 to 2018 were included. We included only patients whose upper instrumented vertebrae were at T2. The patients were divided into 2 groups based on radiographic shoulder height (RSH) at final follow-up, namely PSI group and non-PSI group, and PSI was defined as RSH > 10 mm. UEV, RSH, Cobb angle, curve flexibility, T1 and T2 tilt, correction rate, Risser grade, Scoliosis Research Society-22 scores, and demographic data were compared between the groups using independent t-tests or chi-square tests. Variables with P value < 0.20 in univariate analysis were assessed in logistic regression analysis. Results: Thirty-four patients in the PSI group and 37 patients in the non-PSI group were analyzed. Univariate analysis revealed that there were more patients with UEV at T1 (PSI: 85%, non-PSI: 54%, P < 0.01) and Risser grade ≥ 3 (PSI: 88%, non-PSI: 62%; P < 0.05) in the PSI group than in the non-PSI group. Logistic regression analysis revealed that UEV at T1 (odds ratio [OR] = 4.1 [1.2–14.4], P < 0.05) and Risser grade ≥ 3 (OR = 3.9 [1.1–14.5], P < 0.05) are significantly associated with PSI. Conclusions: UEV at T1 and Risser grade ≥ 3 at the time of surgery are significant risk factors of PSI.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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