Background: We evaluated the usefulness of contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in the diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract diseases. Methods: The subjects were 42 patients with upper GI tract diseases: 4 esophageal carcinomas, 30 gastric carcinomas, 5 gastric myogenic tumors, and 3 gastric ulcers. After the lesion was observed by EUS, air- filled albumin (0.22 mL/kg) was intravenously injected at a rate of 1 mL/sec into the right cubital median vein, and observation was continued for 10 minutes. Results: Enhancement of the third and fifth layers was observed in all normal esophageal and gastric walls. No esophageal carcinomas were enhanced. Enhancement was observed in 5 gastric carcinomas that had abundant, enlarged, and winding vascular beds. In all esophageal and the other 25 gastric carcinomas, although the tumors per se were not enhanced, enhancement of the third and fifth layers around the lesions clearly demarcated the tumor boundaries. As a result, accuracy for detection of the depth of gastric carcinoma improved from 76.7% for EUS to 90% for contrast-enhanced EUS. All gastric myogenic tumors were enhanced, and irregularly shaped sonolucent areas within these tumors became clear, but we could not distinguish between leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma. Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced EUS is a noninvasive, useful diagnostic method for assessment of the depth of invasion of esophageal and gastric carcinomas.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging