Background: Pancreatic fistula (PF) is a major complication following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). Pancreatic texture is a risk factor for PF, but its evaluation depends on the subjective judgment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether preoperative endoscopic ultrasonography-elastography (EUS-EG), which objectively assesses tissue elasticity, predict the development of PF following PD. Methods: Fifty-nine patients who underwent EUS-EG before PD and had pancreas parenchyma histologically evaluated were included. Using histogram analysis, mean elasticity (ME), which represents tissue elasticity and is inversely correlated with pancreatic fibrosis, was calculated. Results: Among 59 patients, 19 developed PF (32.2%). The ME in patients with PF was significantly higher than that in patients without PF (85.4 vs. 55.6, P < 0.001). Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the accuracy of pancreatic texture and ME for predicting PF were 0.718 and 0.846, respectively. When a ME of 70.0 was used as a cut-off value for predicting PF, the sensitivity and specificity were 84.2% and 80.0%, respectively. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, only a ME of >70.0 was an independent predictor of PF (odds ratio 10.02, P = 0.008). Conclusions: Endoscopic ultrasonography-elastography may be an accurate and objective method for predicting PF following PD.
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