Usefulness of fat-containing agents: an initial study on estimating fat content for magnetic resonance imaging

Yasuo Takatsu, Hiroshi Ohnishi, Tomoko Tateyama, Tosiaki Miyati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This initial study aimed at testing whether fat-containing agents can be used for the fat mass estimation methods using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). As an example for clinical application, fat-containing agents (based on soybean oil, 10% and 20%), 100% soybean oil, and saline as reference substances were placed outside the proximal femurs obtained from 14 participants and analyzed by 0.3 T MRI. Fat content was the estimated fat fraction (FF) based on signal intensity (SIeFF, %). The SIeFF values of the femoral bone marrow, including the femoral head, neck, shaft, and trochanter area, were measured. MRI data were compared in terms of bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in the proximal femur. Twelve pig femurs were also used to confirm the correlation between FF by the DIXON method and SIeFF. According to Pearson’s correlation coefficient, the SIeFF and total BMC and BMD data revealed strong and moderate negative correlations in the femoral head (r < − 0.74) and other sites (r = − 0.66 to − 0.45). FF and SIeFF showed a strong correlation (r = 0.96). This study was an initial investigation of a method for estimating fat mass with fat-containing agents and showed the potential for use in MRI. SIeFF and FF showed a strong correlation, and SIeFF and BMD and BMC showed correlation; however, further studies are needed to use SIeFF as a substitute for DXA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-350
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 03-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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