Utility of an elevated plus-maze for dissociation of amnesic and behavioral effects of drugs in mice

Jiro Itoh, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Tsutomu Kameyama

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159 Citations (Scopus)


Learning and memory were previously evaluated by using the elevated plus-maze test in mice. We investigated whether this method could be used for the evaluation of amnesic properties of drugs, including those which alter behavior on the first (training) trial. Six drugs of different types, scopolamine, MK-801 ((+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine maleate), diazepam, butylscopolamine, methamphetamine and haloperidol were administered before training. The transfer latency of vehicle-treated mice on retention testing was significantly shorter than that on training. The transfer latencies in mice given scopolamine (1 and 3 mg/kg s.c.), butylscopolamine (6 mg/kg s.c.), methamphetamine (2 and 4 mg/kg i.p.), or haloperidol (0.4 mg/kg i.p.) were significantly prolonged on training compared with those of the corresponding vehicle groups. However, significant prolongation of the transfer latency in the retention test, compared to the vehicle groups, was observed only in mice given scopolamine (3 mg/kg s.c.), MK-801 (0.1 and 0.15 mg/kg i.v.), diazepam (4 mg/kg i.p.), or methamphetamine (4 mg/kg i.p.). These results suggested that the prolongation of the transfer latency on testing in the plus-maze method might be used as an indicator for impairment of learning and memory induced by the drugs which have amnesic properties, and is not related to the change in transfer latency on training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-76
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26-02-1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology


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