Objective: We report a case of a 70-year-old man who developed a transverse-sigmoid dural arteriovenous fistula (TS-DAVF) that was successfully treated by transarterial embolization (TAE) with Onyx. Case Presentation: The patient presented with sudden and progressive disturbance of consciousness and left hemiparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed venous infarction and hemorrhagic changes with brain swelling in the right parietal lobe. Angiography revealed a right TS-DAVF and multiple occlusions with retrograde leptomeningeal venous drainage into the cortical veins. The TS-DAVF was graded as Borden type III and Cognard type IIa+b. Because of its progressive clinical nature and wide distribution of DAVF in the occluded sinus wall, he underwent emergent TAE with liquid embolic materials including n-butyl cyanoacrylate and Onyx under informed consent by his family. Complete obliteration of the TS-DAVF was achieved, leading to a marked amelioration of symptoms, and MRI after treatment confirmed a decrease in the brain swelling. However, he suffered transient dysphagia due to right vagal nerve palsy caused by occlusion of vasa nervorum of ascending pharyngeal artery. He returned home 5 months later with a modified Rankin Scale of 1. Conclusions: TAE with Onyx appears to be effective for aggressive TS-DAVF with a widely distributed shunt. However, the blood supply to the cranial nerves and potentially dangerous anastomoses between the external-internal carotid artery and vertebral artery should be taken into account to avoid serious complications.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 02-2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine