Validation of deep learning-based CT image reconstruction for treatment planning

Keisuke Yasui, Yasunori Saito, Azumi Ito, Momoka Douwaki, Shuta Ogawa, Yuri Kasugai, Hiromu Ooe, Yuya Nagake, Naoki Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Deep learning-based CT image reconstruction (DLR) is a state-of-the-art method for obtaining CT images. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of DLR in radiotherapy. Data were acquired using a large-bore CT system and an electron density phantom for radiotherapy. We compared the CT values, image noise, and CT value-to-electron density conversion table of DLR and hybrid iterative reconstruction (H-IR) for various doses. Further, we evaluated three DLR reconstruction strength patterns (Mild, Standard, and Strong). The variations of CT values of DLR and H-IR were large at low doses, and the difference in average CT values was insignificant with less than 10 HU at doses of 100 mAs and above. DLR showed less change in CT values and smaller image noise relative to H-IR. The noise-reduction effect was particularly large in the low-dose region. The difference in image noise between DLR Mild and Standard/Strong was large, suggesting the usefulness of reconstruction intensities higher than Mild. DLR showed stable CT values and low image noise for various materials, even at low doses; particularly for Standard or Strong, the reduction in image noise was significant. These findings indicate the usefulness of DLR in treatment planning using large-bore CT systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15413
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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