Validation of the japanese version of the yale food addiction scale 2.0 (J-YFAS 2.0)

May Thet Khine, Atsuhiko Ota, Ashley N. Gearhardt, Akiko Fujisawa, Mamiko Morita, Atsuko Minagawa, Yuanying Li, Hisao Naito, Hiroshi Yatsuya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) is used for assessing food addiction (FA). Our study aimed at validating its Japanese version (J-YFAS 2.0). The subjects included 731 undergraduate students. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated the root-mean-square error of approximation, comparative fit index, Tucker–Lewis index, and standardized root-mean-square residual were 0.065, 0.904, 0.880, and 0.048, respectively, for a one-factor structure model. Kuder–Richardson α was 0.78. Prevalence of the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed mild, moderate, and severe FA was 1.1%, 1.2%, and 1.0%, respectively. High uncontrolled eating and emotional eating scores of the 18-item Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ R-18) (p < 0.001), a high Kessler Psychological Distress Scale score (p < 0.001), frequent desire to overeat (p = 0.007), and frequent snacking (p = 0.003) were associated with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA presence. The scores demonstrated significant correlations with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA symptom count (p < 0.01). The highest attained body mass index was associated with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA symptom count (p = 0.026). The TFEQ R-18 cognitive restraint score was associated with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA presence (p < 0.05) and symptom count (p < 0.001), but not with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA severity. Like the YFAS 2.0 in other languages, the J-YFAS 2.0 has a one-factor structure and adequate convergent validity and reliability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number687
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2019

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signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
ingestion
Food
distress
college students
body mass index
questionnaires
Eating
Snacks
Reproducibility of Results
Statistical Factor Analysis
factor analysis
Body Mass Index
Language

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Khine, May Thet ; Ota, Atsuhiko ; Gearhardt, Ashley N. ; Fujisawa, Akiko ; Morita, Mamiko ; Minagawa, Atsuko ; Li, Yuanying ; Naito, Hisao ; Yatsuya, Hiroshi. / Validation of the japanese version of the yale food addiction scale 2.0 (J-YFAS 2.0). In: Nutrients. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 3.
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abstract = "The Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) is used for assessing food addiction (FA). Our study aimed at validating its Japanese version (J-YFAS 2.0). The subjects included 731 undergraduate students. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated the root-mean-square error of approximation, comparative fit index, Tucker–Lewis index, and standardized root-mean-square residual were 0.065, 0.904, 0.880, and 0.048, respectively, for a one-factor structure model. Kuder–Richardson α was 0.78. Prevalence of the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed mild, moderate, and severe FA was 1.1{\%}, 1.2{\%}, and 1.0{\%}, respectively. High uncontrolled eating and emotional eating scores of the 18-item Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ R-18) (p < 0.001), a high Kessler Psychological Distress Scale score (p < 0.001), frequent desire to overeat (p = 0.007), and frequent snacking (p = 0.003) were associated with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA presence. The scores demonstrated significant correlations with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA symptom count (p < 0.01). The highest attained body mass index was associated with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA symptom count (p = 0.026). The TFEQ R-18 cognitive restraint score was associated with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA presence (p < 0.05) and symptom count (p < 0.001), but not with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA severity. Like the YFAS 2.0 in other languages, the J-YFAS 2.0 has a one-factor structure and adequate convergent validity and reliability.",
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Validation of the japanese version of the yale food addiction scale 2.0 (J-YFAS 2.0). / Khine, May Thet; Ota, Atsuhiko; Gearhardt, Ashley N.; Fujisawa, Akiko; Morita, Mamiko; Minagawa, Atsuko; Li, Yuanying; Naito, Hisao; Yatsuya, Hiroshi.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 3, 687, 03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Validation of the japanese version of the yale food addiction scale 2.0 (J-YFAS 2.0)

AU - Khine, May Thet

AU - Ota, Atsuhiko

AU - Gearhardt, Ashley N.

AU - Fujisawa, Akiko

AU - Morita, Mamiko

AU - Minagawa, Atsuko

AU - Li, Yuanying

AU - Naito, Hisao

AU - Yatsuya, Hiroshi

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AB - The Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) is used for assessing food addiction (FA). Our study aimed at validating its Japanese version (J-YFAS 2.0). The subjects included 731 undergraduate students. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated the root-mean-square error of approximation, comparative fit index, Tucker–Lewis index, and standardized root-mean-square residual were 0.065, 0.904, 0.880, and 0.048, respectively, for a one-factor structure model. Kuder–Richardson α was 0.78. Prevalence of the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed mild, moderate, and severe FA was 1.1%, 1.2%, and 1.0%, respectively. High uncontrolled eating and emotional eating scores of the 18-item Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ R-18) (p < 0.001), a high Kessler Psychological Distress Scale score (p < 0.001), frequent desire to overeat (p = 0.007), and frequent snacking (p = 0.003) were associated with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA presence. The scores demonstrated significant correlations with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA symptom count (p < 0.01). The highest attained body mass index was associated with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA symptom count (p = 0.026). The TFEQ R-18 cognitive restraint score was associated with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA presence (p < 0.05) and symptom count (p < 0.001), but not with the J-YFAS 2.0-diagnosed FA severity. Like the YFAS 2.0 in other languages, the J-YFAS 2.0 has a one-factor structure and adequate convergent validity and reliability.

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