Validity and reliability assessment of a Japanese version of the Snaith-Hamilton pleasure scale

Hiroshi Nagayama, Shin ichiro Kubo, Taku Hatano, Shinsuke Hamada, Tetsuya Maeda, Takafumi Hasegawa, Taro Kadowaki, Hiroo Terashi, Masayuki Yoshioka, Nobuatsu Nomoto, Osamu Kano, Manabu Inoue, Hideki Shimura, Tatsuya Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Uchiyama, Hirohisa Watanabe, Satoshi Kaneko, Tetsuya Takahashi, Yasuhiko Baba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Objective Anhedonia is one of the main non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD); it is assessed using the Snaith-Hamilton pleasure scale (SHAPS). To assess anhedonia in the Japanese population, we prepared a Japanese language version of SHAPS (SHAPS-J), and evaluated its validity and reliability in 8 neurological centers. Seventy subjects (48 patients with PD and 22 healthy subjects) were enrolled in this study. Methods The validity of the test was assessed by the correlation between SHAPS-J and the apathy scale, based on the fact that anhedonia is considered a symptom of apathy syndrome. Test-retest reliability and internal consistency were assessed by Cohen's kappa and Cronbach's alpha coefficients, respectively. Results In the evaluation of validity, the total scores obtained on SHAPS-J during the test and retest significantly correlated with scores on Item 4 in Part 1 of the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (p<0.0008 and p<0.0036, respectively). Cohen's kappa coefficient was >0.3 on all items (p<0.0005 on all items). Cron-bach's alpha coefficient was 0.90 at the baseline and 0.88 at the retest. Conclusion These results indicate that SHAPS-J has good validity, test-retest reliability, and internal consistency, thus establishing an available measure of anhedonia in Japanese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-869
Number of pages5
JournalInternal Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


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