The synthesis of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the magnocellular neurons of the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular nuclei (PVN) is physiologically regulated by plasma osmolality and volume. To clarify how the regulation of AVP gene transcription is affected by chronic dehydration, we examined changes in the transcriptional activities of AVP gene by plasma osmolality and volume in both euhydrated and dehydrated conditions. Euhydrated rats had free access to water, whereas dehydrated rats had been deprived of water for 3 days before experiments. Rats in both conditions were subjected to acute hypertonic stimuli or hypovolemia, and changes in AVP heteronuclear (hn)RNA levels, an indicator of gene transcription, in the SON and PVN were examined with in situ hybridization. The intraperitoneal (ip) injection (2% body wt) of hypertonic (1.5 M) saline increased plasma Na levels by ∼40 meq/l in both euhydrated and dehydrated conditions. However, expression levels of AVP hnRNA in the SON and PVN were increased only in euhydrated, not dehydrated, rats. On the other hand, ip injection of polyethylene glycol decreased the plasma volume by ∼16-20%, and AVP hnRNA levels in the SON and PVN were significantly increased in both conditions. Thus it is demonstrated that signaling pathways regulating AVP gene transcription in the magnocellular neurons were completely refractory to acute osmotic stimuli under the chronic dehydration and that AVP gene transcription could probably respond to acute hypovolemia through different intracellular signal transduction pathways from those for osmoregulation.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 02-2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)