Visibility of the hilar lymph nodes using advanced virtual monoenergetic low-keV images for preoperative evaluation of lung cancer

Tomoya Sekiguchi, Yoshiyuki Ozawa, Masaki Hara, Motoo Nakagawa, Taeko Goto, Yuta Shibamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the visibility of the hilar lymph nodes (LNs) using advanced virtual monoenergetic low-keV images compared with early-phase contrast-enhanced CT. Methods: Dual energy contrast-enhanced CT was performed for pre-operative evaluation of lung cancer at 20 and 60 s after administration of contrast media in 50 patients (32 males and 18 females; mean age, 69 years). Five kinds of images (A: 20 s/120 kV; B: 60 s/40 keV; C: 60 s/50 keV; D: 60 s/120 kV; E: 60 s/100 kV) were reconstructed. We measured the CT number of the bilateral main pulmonary arteries (PAs), pulmonary veins (PVs) and hilar LNs, and evaluated the differences in CT number (Hounsfield units, HUs) between the PA/PV and LNs (PA-LN and PV-LN contrast). Artifacts from the superior vena cava (SVC) were also evaluated. Results: The mean PA-LN contrast (HU) was 415 in image group A, 299 in B, 180 in C, 80 in D, and 100 in E. The mean PV-LN contrasts in each group were 306, 287, 177, 78, and 99, respectively. Image group B showed the second highest PA-LN contrast following image group A. There was no significant difference in the PV-LN contrast between image groups A and B. The PA-LN and PV-LN contrasts of image groups B and C were significantly higher than those of E. SVC artifacts were lower in the delayed-phase images (Group B-E) than in Group A. Conclusion: To evaluate the hilar LNs with a single image series, advanced virtual monoenergetic 40-keV imaging at the delayed 60-s phase seems to be the most valuable. Advances in knowledge: Advanced virtual monoenergetic image is useful for evaluation of both hilar LNs and tumors in the delayed phase without artifact derived from the streak artifact from dense contrast media in the SVC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20180734
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Volume92
Issue number1103
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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