Volume-based 18F-FDG PET analysis of cardiac sarcoidosis using the descending aorta as a reference tissue

Masakazu Tsujimoto, Ayami Fukushima, Hideki Kawai, Masanori Watanabe, Shingo Tanahashi, Masayoshi Sarai, Hiroshi Toyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective 18F-FDG PET can be used to calculate the threshold value of myocardial volume based on the mean standardised uptake value (SUVmean) of the aorta to detect highly integrated regions of cardiac sarcoidosis. The present study investigated the myocardial volume when the position and number of volumes of interest (VOIs) were changed in the aorta. Methods The present study examined PET/computed tomography images of 47 consecutive cardiac sarcoidosis cases. VOIs were set at three locations in the myocardium and aorta (descending thoracic aorta, superior hepatic margin and near the pre-branch of the common iliac artery). The volume was calculated for each threshold using 1.1-1.5 times the SUVmean(median of three cross-sections) of the aorta as the threshold to detect high myocardial 18F-FDG accumulation. The detected volume, correlation coefficient with the visually manually measured volume and the relative error were also calculated. Results The optimum threshold value for detecting high 18F-FDG accumulation was 1.4 times that of the single cross-section of the aorta and showed the smallest relative errors of 33.84% and 25.14% and correlation coefficients of 0.974 and 0.987 for single and three cross-sections, respectively. Conclusion The SUVmeanof the descending aorta may be detected in good agreement with the visual high accumulation by multiplying the same threshold constant for both single and multiple cross-sections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-396
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear medicine communications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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