Sepiapterin reductase (SPR) is an enzyme that acts in the third and final step of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) biosynthesis. The human Spr gene locates within the region of 2.5 MB mapped to PARK3, an autosomal dominant form of familial Parkinson's diseases. In order to explore the role of SPR in the metabolism of BH4, we produced and analyzed Spr-deficient mice. Most of Spr-null mice survived beyond two weeks. Whereas the BH4 contents in the homozygous mutant mice were greatly decreased than those in wild-type and heterozygous mice, the substantial amounts of BH4 were remained even 17 days after delivery. Spr-null mice exhibited severe monoamine deficiencies and a tremor-like phenotype after weaning. The amount of TH protein in the brain of Spr-null mice was less than 10% of wild-type, while TH protein in the adrenal, phenylalanine hydroxylase protein in the liver, and nNOS in the brain were not altered. These data suggest an essential role of SPR in the biosynthesis of BH4, and that the SPR gene could be a candidate gene for PARK3.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 21-03-2008|
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