We report a case of a 46-year-old Japanese woman with hereditary progressive dystonia with marked diurnal fluctuations and dopa-responsive dystonia (HPD/DRD). She developed difficulty in walking at the age of 44 years due to bradykinesia as well as hand tremors, muscle rigidity, increased tendon reflexes and mild dystonia in the lower extremities, all of which responded remarkably to low doses of levodopa (150 mg/day). Biopterin and neopterin concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were decreased. Analysis of the guanosine 5′-triphosphate cyclohydrolase I (GCH1) gene revealed a novel mutation (W53X) in one allele. The GCH1 activity that was expressed in mononuclear blood cells was almost half the normal value (usually 2-20% of the normal value (39.0 ± 9.2 pmol/ml) in patients with HPD/DRD). The relatively conserved GCH1 activity that is expressed in stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells may be related to the late clinical symptoms in this patient.
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