A 50-year-old woman with a large right breast mass was emergently hospitalized for generalized weakness and fatigue. A histological examination of tumor biopsy specimens revealed a phyllodes tumor (PT). She suddenly lost consciousness due to severe hypoglycemia. Non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) due to the PT was suspected. The tumor was emergently resected. A histological examination revealed a borderline PT. The patient recovered from the hypoglycemic episode. High-molecular-weight insulin-like growth factor II was detected in serum that had been collected preoperatively and in the tumor tissue, but not in serum that had been collected postoperatively. We herein present a case of a borderline PT with NICTH.
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