A morphological and immunohistochemical study of the ultimobranchial body of reptiles Japanese lizard and snake was carried out. The ultimobranchial body of the Japanese lizard was located adjacent to the left arch of the aorta between the trachea and esophagus. It was found as a cluster or group of cells with no capsule. Grimelius' silver impregnation and lead-hematoxylin staining produced positive reactions in some of the clustered cells and follicular cells. The same reaction pattern was observed with anti-calcitonin using the PAP method. The PAP reactions were positive to antiserum against pig calcitonin, but negative to antiserum against synthesized human calcitonin. Furthermore, the PAP reactions were negative to antiserum against tyrosine hydroxylase. The immunofluorescent study of the snake ultimobranchial body revealed that most of the clustered cells and some of the follicular cells were calcitonin-immunoreactive but none was tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive. Certain histological similarities exist between the Japanese lizard ultimobranchial body and snake ultimobranchial body, but the distribution of calcitonin-positive cells were slightly different. In the Japanese lizard, the positive cells were scattered between the folicles and the number was small. However, most of the cells which formed the cluster in the ultimobranchial body of snake were positive. The findings suggest that the configuration of amino acid in the Japanese lizard calcitonin and snake calcitonin are similar to that of pig calcitonin, and the reptile and the birds is a boundary of the tyrosine hydroxylase existence.
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