A point mutation of human p53, which was not detected as a mutation by a yeast functional assay, led to apoptosis but not p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) expression in response to ionizing radiation in a human osteosarcoma cell line, Saos-2

Kumio Okaichi, Li Hong Wang, Ji ichiro Sasaki, Hideyuki Saya, Mitsuhiro Tada, Yutaka Okumura

研究成果: Article

18 引用 (Scopus)

抜粋

Purpose: The 123A point mutation of p53 showed increased radiosensitivity, whereas other mutations (143A, 175H, and 273H) were not affected. To determine the reason for increased radiosensitivity of the 123A mutation, the response of the transformant of 123A mutation to ionizing radiation (IR) was examined and compared to those of transformants with the wild type p53 or other point mutations (143A, 175H, and 273H).Methods and Materials: Stable transformants with a mutant or wild type p53 made by introducing cDNA into the human osteosarcoma cell line, Saos-2, which lacks an endogenous p53 were used. The transcriptional activity of mutant p53 was examined using a yeast functional assay. The transformants were examined for the accumulation of p53, the induction of p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) (hereafter referred to as p21), and the other response of p53-responsive genes (MDM2, Bax, and Bcl-2) by Western blotting. Apoptosis was analyzed by detection of DNA fragmentation.Results: The 123A point mutation of p53 was detected as a wild type in the yeast functional assay. The 123A mutant accumulated p53 in response to IR. The 123A mutant did not induce p21, but normally responded to MDM2, Bax, and Bcl-2. The 123A mutant entered apoptosis earlier than the wild type p53 transformant, and induced Fas at earlier in response to IR.Conclusion: The 123A mutant led to apoptosis, but not p21 expression in response to IR. The occurrence of apoptosis, but not induction of p21, corresponded to the radiosensitivity in the transformant. The early occurrence of apoptosis in 123A transformants may depend on the early induction of Fas. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)975-980
ページ数6
ジャーナルInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
45
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-11-1999
外部発表Yes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

フィンガープリント A point mutation of human p53, which was not detected as a mutation by a yeast functional assay, led to apoptosis but not p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) expression in response to ionizing radiation in a human osteosarcoma cell line, Saos-2' の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらはともに一意のフィンガープリントを構成します。

  • これを引用